Journal Impact Factor: 0.8 (2 Years Impact Factor)
Index Copernicus Value: 84.95
Nano Research and Applications (ISSN: 2471-9838 ) is a peer-reviewed journal that focuses mainly on the progressive aspects of the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Nano research journal has a wide scope as it tries to inculcate innovative research ideas in the field of Nano science, including scientific inventions, developments and discoveries. The journal intends to change the face of science by paving a path for the implementation of research outcome by publishing exclusive research concepts related to Nano science.
Reinforcement of discoveries in the field of medicine has been unbalanced, as the knowledge base on biology and engineering of human body has been accelerating at a steady phase that needs to be updated constantly. Nanomedicine is particularly leading to the advancements making a rapid change in the maintenance of health, science of prevention and alleviation, and ultimately curing of disease which is an emerging scientific specialty born from Nano research. The focus of Nano research extends without any barriers by focusing its attention on various aspects of this fields such as:
• Molecular nanoscience
• Convincible Medical Applications
• Pre-clinical Testing of Novel Nano Medical tools
• Diagnostic Tools and Applications
• Tissue, Cell and Genetic Engineering involving Nano Medical Tools
• Therapeutic advancements using Nano-medicine and Research Techniques
• Development of Nano Drug Delivery Systems
The scope of Nano Research has spread across various fields such as Nanotechnology, Nanoengineering, Nanodevices, Nanoelectronics, Nanofabrication, Nanofluids, Nanomechanics, Nanooptics, Nanophotonics, Nanoprobes, Nanoscale Research, Nanosensors, Nanostructures, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanowires, Nanolithography, Nano manufacturing, NanoMetal Chemistry, Nanostructured Polymers, Nano composites, etc. these can be a limited examples of the various fields of advancements.
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Nanomedicine is the medical application of Nanotechnology. Nanomedicine ranges from the medical applications of nanomaterials and biological devices, to nanoelectronics biosensors, and even possible future applications of molecular nanotechnology. Current problems for nanomedicine involve understanding the issues related to toxicity and environmental impact of nanoscale materials.
Functionalities can be added to nanomaterials by interfacing them with biological molecules or structures. The size of nanomaterials is similar to that of most biological molecules and structures; Therefore, nanomaterials can be useful for both in vivo and in vitro biomedical research and applications.
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International Journal of Nanomedicine, Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, Journal of Nanomedicine Research, European Journal of Nanomedicine
Nanorobots (nanobots or nanoids) are typically devices ranging in size from 0.1-10 micrometres and constructed of nanoscale or molecular components. As no artificial non-biological nanorobots have so far been created, they remain a hypothetical concept at this time. Another definition sometimes used is a robot which allows precision interactions with nanoscale objects, or can manipulate with nanoscale resolution. Following this definition even a large apparatus such as an atomic force microscope can be considered a nanorobotic instrument when configured to perform nanomanipulation. Also, macroscale robots or microrobots which can move with nanoscale precision can also be considered nanorobots.
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Nanomaterials & Molecular Nanotechnology, Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Asia, Nanotechnologies in Russia, International Journal of Green Nanotechnology: Biomedicine, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N: Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems International Journal of Nanoscience.
Silver Nanoparticles have unique optical, electrical, and thermal properties and are being incorporated into products that range from photovoltaics to biological and chemical sensors. Examples include conductive inks, pastes and fillers which utilize silver nanoparticles for their high electrical conductivity, stability, and low sintering temperatures. Additional applications include molecular diagnostics and photonic devices, which take advantage of the novel optical properties of these nanomaterials. An increasingly common application is the use of silver nanoparticles for antimicrobial coatings, and many textiles, keyboards, wound dressings, and biomedical devices now contain silver nanoparticles that continuously release a low level of silver ions to provide protection against bacteria.
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Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Power Generation Technology, Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures, International Journal of Nanotechnology, e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology, Journal of Experimental Nanoscience, Surface Investigation X-Ray, Synchrotron and Neutron, Techniques, Journal of Nano Research.
Stem cells respond to nanoscale surface features, with changes in cell growth and differentiation mediated by alterations in cell adhesion. The interaction of nanotopographical features with integrin receptors in the cells' focal adhesions alters how the cells adhere to materials surfaces, and defines cell fate through changes in both cell biochemistry and cell morphology. In this Review, we discuss how cell adhesions interact with nanotopography, and we provide insight as to how materials scientists can exploit these interactions to direct stem cell fate and to understand how the behaviour of stem cells in their niche can be controlled. We expect knowledge gained from the study of cell–nanotopography interactions to accelerate the development of next-generation stem cell culture materials and implant interfaces, and to fuel discovery of stem cell therapeutics to support regenerative therapies.
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Bioceramics Development and Applications, Current Nanoscience, Micro and Nano Letters, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Journal of, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer, Structures, Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures
A nanoparticle is a small object that behaves as a whole unit in terms of its transport and properties. In terms of diameter, fine particles cover a range between 100 and 2500 nanometers, while ultrafine particles are sized between 1 and 100 nanometers. Nanoparticles may or may not exhibit size-related properties that are seen in fine particles. Despite being the size of the ultrafine particles individual molecules are usually not referred to as nanoparticles. Nanoparticle research is currently the most studied branch of science with the number of uses of nanoparticles in various fields. The particles have wide variety of potential applications in biomedical, optical and electronic fields.
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A Carbon Nanotube is a tube-shaped material, made of carbon, having a diameter measuring on the nanometer scale. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter, or about one ten-thousandth of the thickness of a human hair. The graphite layer appears somewhat like a rolled-up chicken wire with a continuous unbroken hexagonal mesh and carbon molecules at the apexes of the hexagons. Carbon Nanotubes have many structures, differing in length, thickness, and in the type of helicity and number of layers. Although they are formed from essentially the same graphite sheet, their electrical characteristics differ depending on these variations, acting either as metals or as semiconductors.
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Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) introduced in 1991 represent an alternative carrier system to traditional colloidal carriers, such as emulsions, liposomes and polymeric micro- and nanoparticles. SLN combine advantages of the traditional systems but avoid some of their major disadvantages. This paper reviews the present state of the art regarding production techniques for SLN, drug incorporation, loading capacity and drug release, especially focusing on drug release mechanisms.
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Bioceramics Development and Applications, International Journal of Nanotechnology, e-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology, Journal of Experimental Nanoscience, Surface Investigation X-Ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques, Journal of Nano Research.
Nanotechnology can provide rapid and sensitive detection of cancer-related targets, enabling scientists to detect molecular changes even when they occur only in a small percentage of cells. Nanotechnology also has the potential to generate unique and highly effective theraputic agents.Nanotechnology provides researchers with the opportunity to study and manipulate macromolecules in real time and during the earliest stages of cancer progression. Nanotechnology can provide rapid and sensitive detection of cancer-related molecules, enabling scientists to detect molecular changes even when they occur only in a small percentage of cells. Nanotechnology also has the potential to generate entirely novel and highly effective therapeutic agents.
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Researchers are developing nanomedicine therapy techniques to direct treatment directly to diseased cells, minimizing the damage to healthy tissue that occur in current methods such as radiation therapy cause. Particles are engineered so that they are attracted to diseased cells, which allows direct treatment of those cells. This technique reduces damage to healthy cells in the body. Some nanomedicine therapy techniques are only imagined, while others are at various stages of testing, or actually being used today.
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Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) is one of the most successfully developed biodegradable polymers. Among the different polymers developed to formulate polymeric nanoparticles, PLGA has attracted considerable attention due to its attractive properties: (i) biodegradability and biocompatibility, (ii) FDA and European Medicine Agency approval in drug delivery systems for parenteral administration, (iii) well described formulations and methods of production adapted to various types of drugs e.g. hydrophilic or hydrophobic small molecules or macromolecules, (iv) protection of drug from degradation, (v) possibility of sustained release, (vi) possibility to modify surface properties to provide stealthness and/or better interaction with biological materials and (vii) possibility to target nanoparticles to specific organs or cells.
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The Nanosize particles are likely to increase an unnecessary infinite toxicological effect on animals and environment, although their toxicological effects associated with human exposure are still unknown. In order to understand the effects of these exposures, this review seeks to examine the various toxicological portal routes associated with NPs exposures. These NPs can enter the host systems via skin spores, debilitated tissues, injection, olfactory, respiratory and intestinal tracts. These uptake routes of NPs may be intentional or unintentional. Their entry may lead to various diversified adverse biological effects. Until a clearer picture emerges, the limited data available suggest that caution must be exercised when potential exposures to NPs are encountered. Methods used in determining NPs portal of entry into experimental animals include pharyngeal instillation, injection, inhalation, cell culture lines and gavage exposures.
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Bioceramics Development and Applications, Micro and Nano Letters, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures.
Colloidial gold nanoparticles have been utilized for centuries by artists due to the vibrant colors produced by their interaction with visible light. More recently, these unique optical-electronics properties have been researched and utilized in high technology applications such as organic photovoltaics, sensory probes, therapeutic agents, drug delivery in biological and medical applications, electronic conductors and catalysis. The optical and electronic properties of gold nanoparticles are tunable by changing the size, shape, surface chemistry, or aggregation state.
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Bioceramics Development and Applications Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic, Metal-Organic and Nano-Metal Chemistry, Micro and Nanosystems, Journal of Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics, International Journal of Nanoparticles.
Nanocages comprise a novel class of nanostructures possessing hollow interiors and porous walls. They are prepared using a remarkably simple galvanic replacement reaction between solutions containing metal precursor salts and Ag nanostructures prepared through polyol reduction. The electrochemical potential difference between the two species drives the reaction, with the reduced metal depositing on the surface of the Ag nanostructure. In our most studied example, involving HAuCl4 as the metal precursor, the resultant Au is deposited epitaxially on the surface of the Ag nanocubes, adopting their underlying cubic form. Concurrent with this deposition, the interior Ag is oxidized and removed, together with alloying and dealloying, to produce hollow and, eventually, porous structures that we commonly refer to as Au nanocages. This approach is versatile, with a wide range of morphologies (e.g., nanorings, prism-shaped nanoboxes, nanotubes, and multiple-walled nanoshells or nanotubes) available upon changing the shape of the initial Ag template. In addition to Au-based structures, switching the metal salt precursors to Na2PtCl4 and Na2PdCl4 allows for the preparation of Pt- and Pd-containing hollow nanostructures, respectively.
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Nanotechnology has begun to find potential applications in the area of functional food by engineering biological molecules toward functions very different from those they have in nature, opening up a whole new area of research and development. Of course, there seems to be no limit to what food technologists are prepared to do to our food and nanotechnology will give them a whole new set of tools to go to new extremes.
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Nanotherm is a unique dielectric material – a powerful electrical insulator, and yet a good heat conductor. The thermal properties of this nano-ceramic make it ideal for use as an electrical barrier in thermally demanding applications – such as Insulated Metal Substrate (IMS) or Metal Clad PCB (MCPCB) applications. It is also possible to use the nanoceramic materials on complex 3D shapes, enabling “Chip on Heat Sink” applications.
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Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Asia, Nanotechnologies in Russia, International Journal of Green Nanotechnology: Biomedicine, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part N: Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems, International Journal of Nanoscience, International Journal of Nanomanufacturing.
RNA Nanotechnology is a unique field that is distinct from the classical studies of RNA structure and folding. Besides intra-molecular (within a molecule) interaction and folding, the special knowledge of inter-molecular (between molecules) interaction is necessary. (4) RNA nanoparticles can be purified to homogeneity and can be characterized or visualized by either chemical, physical, biophysical, or optical procedures. (5) Previously, the sensitivity of RNA to RNase degradation had been the biggest hurdle in the production of RNA for use as a construction material. Recently, simple chemical modifications, such as that with 2-fluorine, have led to the generation of certain RNAs resistant to degradation, without changing their folding property and even their ability to retain their biological function in certain cases. (6) Finally, simply conjugating functional RNA modules to gold, liposome, dendrimer or polymer based nanoparticles does not constitute RNA nanotechnology; rather, RNA nanotechnology is bottom-up approaches to assemble nanometer scale particles with its main constituent composed of RNA.
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Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Power Generation Technology, Nanopages, Nanotechnology Law and Business, International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials, International Journal of, Nanomechanics Science and Technology, Nanotechnology Perceptions.
*2016 Journal Impact Factor was established by dividing the number of articles published in 2014 and 2015 with the number of times they are cited in 2016 based on Google Scholar Citation Index database. If 'X' is the total number of articles published in 2014 and 2015, and 'Y' is the number of times these articles were cited in indexed journals during 2016 then, impact factor = Y/X
Author(s): Madhuri MB and Lokhande PB
Author(s): Changerath R, Kunnatheery S and Roy Joseph